What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis means pain in the joints of the bones of the body. It is also known as gout, arthritis, gout and Vata dosha. If there is a problem with rheumatoid arthritis or arthritis, a person may have pain, stiffness or swelling in the joints of many different bones of the body at once or at the same time. In the condition of Arthritis, lumps are formed in the joints of the bones of the body where there is a feeling of pricking like a needle. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, severe pain, fever, feeling of stiffness in the body and difficulty in walking can also occur. Its condition can affect women more than men. Especially for women who have a lot of weight. Although the symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, its symptoms can also appear suddenly. Rheumatoid arthritis is more common in adults over 65 years of age. However, it can also affect young children, teenagers and young people.
Types of Arthritis
There can be more than a hundred types of Arthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis. However, it may be the most common problem of osteoarthritis. After this, the problem of rheumatic arthritis, also called rheumatoid arthritis and type of psoriatic arthritis, can be more.
What are the symptoms of arthritis?
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include:
- Severe joint pain while walking, sitting, holding any object or doing any kind of physical activity
- Swelling of bone joints
- Stiffness of bones
- Reddening of joints
- Joint temperature feeling warmer than normal
- Loss of joint flexibility
- Difficulty in moving the joints
- Deformity in the joints of the body, that is, the curvature of the limb at that place
- Persistent weight loss
- Feeling very tired
- Fever without any cause
- Rattling sound from affected joints when walking
- Experiencing pain in the hip, shoulder, arm or any joint of the whole body, including the knee
- Immune system activities may be slowed, which can lead to loss of appetite
- having anemia
The pain and stiffness of rheumatoid arthritis can be felt most in the morning after waking up from sleep. Apart from this, there may be many such symptoms, which are not mentioned here. If you suspect any such symptoms, please consult your doctor Vaibhav Jain for more details.
Causes of Arthritis
The condition of rheumatoid arthritis may be more in people whose immunity is very weak. Apart from this, there can also be the following reasons for having arthritis, which include:
Decrease in the amount of cartilage tissue: Cartilage is a soft and flexible tissue of the joints of our body. Whenever we do any physical activity like walking, there is more pressure on the joints of our body, especially the knees, hips and elbow joints. In such a situation, the cartilage helps in reducing the pressure and shock on these joints of the body, thereby reducing the pressure on the joints of the body. However, if for some reason there is a decrease in the amount of cartilage tissue, its function can be affected, which can lead to the problem of rheumatoid arthritis.
Cause of Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is the main cause of common injuries to the joints of the body. In addition, any type of infection in the joints can also reduce the amount of cartilage tissue. Also, if the mother or father already has a problem, their offspring may be more prone to it.
Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is also the most common form of rheumatoid arthritis, which is considered a type of autoimmune disorder. Initially, in this type of condition, the body’s immune system attacks the body tissues which can affect the synovium. The synovium is a soft tissue found in the joints of our body that produces a liquid that nourishes the cartilage and lubricates the joints. This type of arthritis can directly damage the bone and cartilage inside the joint.
Diagnosis Of Rheumatoid Arthritis
How to find out about rheumatoid arthritis?
To diagnose rheumatoid arthritis, your doctor may direct you to undergo some important tests depending on your physical condition and problems, which may include:
Lab Test: During lab tests, your doctor may order your body fluids to be tasted, such as blood tests, urine tests, and joint fluid tests.
Imaging test: Imaging tests can be used to diagnose problems inside your joints, for which the following types of imaging tests can be done, which may include:
- CT scan
Of all imaging tests, MRI and ultrasound can be considered to be more accurate information tests than the other two. It can give more accurate information about bone erosion or any kind of wear. Also, they can give good information about any kind of swelling inside the bones.
Apart from this, before doing your test, the doctor may also ask you some important questions, such as:
- Which joints of the body do you have pain in?
- How high or low is the pain level
- Checking for swelling around the joints or joints
- Check for a rash or ulcer in the mouth
Prevention and Control
How can rheumatoid arthritis be prevented?
For the prevention of rheumatoid arthritis, the following things can be taken care of, such as:
- Eating a balanced diet
- Controlling uric acid levels
- Getting enough vitamin D, which requires spending some time in the sun
- Massaging body joints
- Body weight control
- Exercising regularly
- Adequate amount of physical rest
- Muscle strengthening exercises
If there is another cause of knee pain, you can do static quadriceps exercises and knee banding exercises to reduce it. These can help in activating the functions of the knees.
In some situations, your doctor may also recommend surgery depending on your symptoms, which may include:
Fixing joints: whereby the surface of the joint is smoothed and repositioned. This reduces joint pain and they can function as before.
Knee replacement surgery: In this procedure, artificial joints may be used to replace the damaged joints.
Joint Fusion: In this process, two bones are joined together. However, it is often used to treat small joints, such as correcting the position of the wrist, ankle, and fingers.
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